Head-Lice-Infestation (Pediculosis)

Description/Causes

  1. Head lice are parasites that can be found on the heads of people. Infection with head lice is called pediculosis
  2. Head lice infection is very common, especially in preschool and elementary school children.
  3. Girls contract head lice more often than boys.

Mode of Transmission

  1. Direct contact with an already infested person common during play, school, or sports activities, and at school, home, slumber parties, or camp,
  2. Wearing infested clothing, such as hats, scarves, coats, sports uniforms, or hair ribbons,
  3. Using infested combs, brushes, or towels,
  4. Lying on a bed, couch, pillow, carpet, or stuffed animal that has recently been in contact with a person with lice.

Symptoms

  1. ​Tickling sensation 
  2. Itching or scratching in the affected area
  3. Sores on the head
  4. Intense scratching may lead to secondary skin infections (for example, impetigo) and associated enlargement of the lymph nodes of the neck and scalp regions.

Prevention

  1. Avoid physical contact with infested individuals and their belongings.
  2. Regular inspection of children for head lice
  3. Ensure proper hygiene and sanitary use of clothings, beddings, and other belongings

Treatment

  1. Use nit combs (suyod) to help remove nits from hair
  2. Apply medicated shampoos or cream rinses containing pyrethrins or permethrin; follow dose and direction according to label instructions
  3. Retreat after 7 days to ensure effective lice kill.