- Head lice are parasites that can be found on the heads of people. Infection with head lice is called pediculosis
- Head lice infection is very common, especially in preschool and elementary school children.
- Girls contract head lice more often than boys.
Mode of Transmission
- Direct contact with an already infested person common during play, school, or sports activities, and at school, home, slumber parties, or camp,
- Wearing infested clothing, such as hats, scarves, coats, sports uniforms, or hair ribbons,
- Using infested combs, brushes, or towels,
- Lying on a bed, couch, pillow, carpet, or stuffed animal that has recently been in contact with a person with lice.
- Tickling sensation
- Itching or scratching in the affected area
- Sores on the head
- Intense scratching may lead to secondary skin infections (for example, impetigo) and associated enlargement of the lymph nodes of the neck and scalp regions.
- Avoid physical contact with infested individuals and their belongings.
- Regular inspection of children for head lice
- Ensure proper hygiene and sanitary use of clothings, beddings, and other belongings
- Use nit combs (suyod) to help remove nits from hair
- Apply medicated shampoos or cream rinses containing pyrethrins or permethrin; follow dose and direction according to label instructions
- Retreat after 7 days to ensure effective lice kill.